Interface design for minimizing loss of context in in-situ remote robot control

Jong Gil Ahn, Gerard Jounghyun Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


When controlling robot in-situ, the operator's attention is often divided between the scene and the interface. This often causes inefficiency in the control performance. One possible solution to address this attention switch is to employ a camera (or sensor) view (despite being at the site) in which critical parts of the operating environment can be shown side-by-side with the control interface so that the user is not distracted from the either. In addition, when the user switches one's attention away unavoidably and then back to the control interface, the interface can be configured so that user can easily continue the task at hand without momentary the loss of context. In this paper, we describe the design of such an interface and investigate in the possible user attentive behaviors based on it. In particular, we present an experiment that compares three variant forms of interactions: (1) Nominal (no camera view), (2) Fixed (using a camera view and user not allowed to overlook into the scene), and (3) Free (using a camera view but user is free to overlook into the scene). The three approaches represent different balances between information availability, interface accessibility and the amount of attentional shift. Experiment results have shown that all three interaction models exhibited similar task performance even though the Fixed type induced much less attentional shift. However, the users much preferred the Nominal and Free type. Users mostly ignored the camera view, shifting one's attention excessively into the operating scene, due to the lack of visual quality, realistic scale and depth information of the camera view.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHuman-Computer Interaction
Subtitle of host publicationUsers and Contexts of Use - 15th International Conference, HCI International 2013, Proceedings
Number of pages10
EditionPART 3
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2013 - Las Vegas, NV, United States
Duration: 2013 Jul 212013 Jul 26

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 3
Volume8006 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Other15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCI International 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLas Vegas, NV


  • Human-Robot Interaction
  • In-Situ Robot Control
  • Interface Design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)


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