Interfacial control of PVDF-TrFE/SWCNT nanocomposites using P3HT-PMMA block copolymer for ultra-low percolation threshold

Kie Yong Cho, Yun Jae Lee, Hyun Ji Kim, Ho Gyu Yoon, Seung Sang Hwang, Yang Kyoo Han, Kyung Youl Baek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (PVDF-TrFE)/SWCNT nanocomposites with ultra-low percolation threshold were prepared by interfacial control using a block copolymer comapatibilizer. For this, a well-defined block copolymer of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) (P3HT-b-PMMA) was synthesized by combination of GRIM and ATRP (M<inf>n</inf> = 24 K, M<inf>w</inf>/M<inf>n</inf> = 1.25), where the P3HT block segment wrapped the SWCNTs by π-π interaction and the resulting PMMA block segment dangled from the SWCNTs, which gave de-bundled SWCNTs without any aggregations for over 5 months in most common organic solvents for PMMA. The block copolymer coated SWCNT (TMCNT) was then mixed with PVDF-TrFE to prepare PVDF-TrFE/SWCNT nanocomposites (PVT-TMCNT), which enabled excellent dispersion of SWCNT in a PVDF-TrFE matrix without aggregation due to the miscibility of the PMMA on TMCNT and PVDF-TrFE. Obtained PVT-TMCNT showed large enhancements of the electrical conductivity and the dielectric constant with ultra-low percolation threshold (f<inf>c</inf> = 0.07 wt.%) due to excellent interfacial control by the block copolymer comapatibilizer between SWCNT and PVDF-TrFE. Improved ferroelectric properties of PVT-TMCNT were also observed by an increase of field-induced polarization response, which was almost over 10-times higher than for neat PVDF-TrFE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-63
Number of pages9
JournalPolymer (United Kingdom)
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 23

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Keywords

  • Block copolymers
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Fluoropolymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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