We present the first demonstration of a direct interface of silicon nanowires with mammalian cells such as mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells and human embryonic kidney (HEK 293T) cells without any external force. The cells were cultured on a silicon (Si) substrate with a vertically aligned SiNW array on it. The penetration of the SiNW array into individual cells naturally occurred during the incubation. The cells survived up to several days on the nanowire substrates. The longevity of the cells was highly dependent on the diameter of SiNWs. Furthermore, successful maintenance of cardiac myocytes derived from mES cells on the wire array substrates was observed, and gene delivery using the SiNW array was demonstrated. Our results suggest that the nanowires can be potentially utilized as a powerful tool for studying intra- and intercellular biological processes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry