Interleukin-18 is a critical factor for vascular endothelial growth factor-enhanced migration in human gastric cancer cell lines

K. E. Kim, H. Song, Tae Sung Kim, D. Yoon, C. W. Kim, S. I. Bang, D. Y. Hur, H. Park, Dae Ho Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell migration and angiogenesis are key steps in tumor metastasis. However, the mechanism of migration regulated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a potent regulator of angiogenesis, is not completely understood. This study examined the relationship between VEGF and migration, along with the mechanism involved in the VEGF-regulated migration of human gastric cancer cells. The level of cell migration was increased by recombinant human (rh)VEGF-165 in the VEGF receptor-2-expressing SNU-601 cells. Interleukin (IL)-18 is associated with the malignant progression of tumors. Accordingly, this study examined the effect of IL-18 on the migration of cancer cells in order to identify the factors involved in VEGF-enhanced migration. Inhibiting IL-18 markedly reduced the level of VEGF-enhanced migration, and IL-18 increased cell migration directly through filamentous-actin polymerization and tensin downregulation. It was confirmed that rhVEGF-165 increased IL-18 production significantly. An antioxidant and an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2-specific inhibitor blocked rhVEGF-165-enhanced IL-18 production. Accordingly, rhVEGF-165 increased the generation of region of interest (ROI) and activated the ERK1/2 pathway. These results suggest that rhVEGF-165 enhances IL-18 production via the generation of ROI and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, which results in the increased migration of gastric cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1468-1476
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 1

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Keywords

  • ERK1/2
  • F-actin
  • IL-18
  • Migration
  • Tensin
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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