Intermediate diaphragm spacing for single-cell rectangular steel box girder bridges considering aspect-ratio

Jeonghwa Lee, Keesei Lee, Junho Choi, Young Jong Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eccentric vertical loads acting on bridge girders induce distortion of the cross-section of the steel box girder, which causes distortional warping normal stress at the flange and web of the box section in a longitudinal direction. Recent design standards specify that intermediate diaphragms, which prevent deformation of the box section, need to be installed to control these distortional warping normal stresses. In addition, the maximum ratio requirements between distortional warping normal stress and bending normal stress should not exceed 5 and 10%, respectively. However, the design standards do not provide specific formulae for use in determining the appropriate intermediate diaphragm spacing; therefore, an accurate structural analysis is required from the design stage and the iterative structural analysis time-consuming. In this study, to simplify the structural analysis steps required in the design phase, a parametric study was conducted using 3D finite element analysis (FEA) to estimate the intermediate diaphragm spacing required for composite simple span single-cell box girder bridges. In the parametric study, the box girder bridges were modeled using actual bridge data relating to the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness. The FEA results show that the coupling effects of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, the ratio of the distortional warping constant to the moment of inertia, span length, and eccentricity, have a significant effect on the diaphragm spacing and normal stress ratio. Based on these FEA results, efficient intermediate diaphragm spacing was determined in consideration of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number105877
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Box girder bridges
Steel bridges
Diaphragms
Aspect ratio
Flanges
Structural analysis
Finite element method
Beams and girders
Steel
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Distortion
  • Intermediate diaphragm
  • Single span
  • Spacing
  • Steel box girder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

Intermediate diaphragm spacing for single-cell rectangular steel box girder bridges considering aspect-ratio. / Lee, Jeonghwa; Lee, Keesei; Choi, Junho; Kang, Young Jong.

In: Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Eccentric vertical loads acting on bridge girders induce distortion of the cross-section of the steel box girder, which causes distortional warping normal stress at the flange and web of the box section in a longitudinal direction. Recent design standards specify that intermediate diaphragms, which prevent deformation of the box section, need to be installed to control these distortional warping normal stresses. In addition, the maximum ratio requirements between distortional warping normal stress and bending normal stress should not exceed 5 and 10{\%}, respectively. However, the design standards do not provide specific formulae for use in determining the appropriate intermediate diaphragm spacing; therefore, an accurate structural analysis is required from the design stage and the iterative structural analysis time-consuming. In this study, to simplify the structural analysis steps required in the design phase, a parametric study was conducted using 3D finite element analysis (FEA) to estimate the intermediate diaphragm spacing required for composite simple span single-cell box girder bridges. In the parametric study, the box girder bridges were modeled using actual bridge data relating to the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness. The FEA results show that the coupling effects of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, the ratio of the distortional warping constant to the moment of inertia, span length, and eccentricity, have a significant effect on the diaphragm spacing and normal stress ratio. Based on these FEA results, efficient intermediate diaphragm spacing was determined in consideration of the cross-sectional aspect ratio, span length, and flange thickness.",
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