Intermediate-temperature ceramic fuel cells with thin film yttrium-doped barium zirconate electrolytes

Joon Hyung Shim, Joong Sun Park, Jihwan An, Turgut M. Gür, Sangkyun Kang, Fritz B. Prinz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Structural and microstructural properties as well as the fuel cell performance of anhydrous protonconducting yttria-doped barium zirconate (BYZ) membranes were investigated. The membranes were nominally about 100 nm thick and were fabricated by both atomic layer deposition (ALD) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) techniques on micromachined Si substrates. Electrochemical cells (H 2, Pt/BYZ/Pt, air) were fabricated using porous platinum electrodes deposited by sputtering. The cells were tested in the temperature regime 200-450 °C. Power densities of 136 mW/cm 2 at 400 °C employing a BYZ membrane fabricated by ALD and 120 mW/cm 2 at 450 °C employing a BYZ fabricated byPLDclearly represent the highest reported values in the literature at these temperatures. The difference in the cell performances for the ALD BYZ versus PLD BYZ membranes is attributed to differences in their surface morphology and interfacial microstructure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3290-3296
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume21
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

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