Intermittent FOCV using an I‐V curve tracer for minimizing energy loss

Yun Chan Im, Seung Soo Kwak, Jonghyun Park, Yong Sin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Conventional fractional open‐circuit voltage (FOCV) methods in maximum power point tracking (MPPT) are widely adopted for their simple structure and low computing power requirements. However, under mismatch and environmental changing conditions, the FOCV methods introduce a large amount of energy loss due to their maximum power point being fixed at the initial setup. To reduce energy loss, the intermittent FOCV MPPT proposed in this paper regularly refreshes all the parameters for each condition in time by using an I‐V curve tracer. The proposed intermittent FOCV consists of two phases: the scan and set phases. In scan phase, the I‐V curve of a photovoltaic (PV) cell is scanned and its power is calculated. In set phase, the global MPP of the PV cell is extracted and set by controlling the 8‐bit capacitance array. Simulation and calculation based on experimental results with a single PV cell show that the energy loss of the proposed intermittent FOCV under daily temperature and illuminance distributions decreased by up to 99.9% compared to that of the conventional FOCV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9006
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct 1


  • Energy harvesting
  • I‐V curve
  • Maximum power point tracking (MPPT), fractional open‐circuit voltage (FOCV)
  • Photovoltaic (PV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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