Compressed domain human action recognition algorithms are extremely efficient, because they only require a partial decoding of the video bit stream. However, the question what exactly makes these algorithms decide for a particular action is still a mystery. In this paper, we present a general method, Layer-wise Relevance Propagation (LRP), to understand and interpret action recognition algorithms and apply it to a state-of-the-art compressed domain method based on Fisher vector encoding and SVM classification. By using LRP, the classifiers decisions are propagated back every step in the action recognition pipeline until the input is reached. This methodology allows to identify where and when the important (from the classifier's perspective) action happens in the video. To our knowledge, this is the first work to interpret a compressed domain action recognition algorithm. We evaluate our method on the HMDB51 dataset and show that in many cases a few significant frames contribute most towards the prediction of the video to a particular class.