This study evaluated the feasibility and accuracy of three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) to determine the anatomy of the left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins (PVs) compared with cardiac computed tomography (CCT) and trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE). One hundred two patients (56.1 ± 9.9 years, 86 males) with an indication for atrial fibrillation ablation were prospectively enrolled. Intra-procedural 3DRA was performed with power injected contrast medium (20 cc/s for 4 s, 240°) in the LA. 3DRA images of the LA and PVs were assessed qualitatively and then compared quantitatively. LA volume measured by 3DRA, CCT and TTE were compared. The majority of 3DRA acquisitions were optimal in delineating the right-side LA-PV (95 %for right superior PV and 96 % for right inferior PV) and left inferior PV anatomy (91 %), whereas it was optimal in only 63 % of left superior PV and 73 % of the LA appendage. The circumferences of PV ostia identified by 3DRA and CCT were correlated in four PVs (r = 0.57 for right superior PV, r = 0.67 for right inferior PV, r = 0.60 for left superior PV, and r = 0.52 for left inferior PV, p<0.001). The mean LA volume measured by 3DRA (120 ± 32 mL) was greater than that found by CCT (109 ± 35 mL) or TTE (64 ± 23 mL), but the 3DRA LA volume measurements correlated well with those of CCT (r = 0.83, p<0.001) and TTE (r = 0.69, p<0.001). Intra-procedural 3DRA provided anatomical accuracy of LA and PVs comparable to those of CCT. However, optimal delineation of the left superior PV and LA appendage was limited. The LA volume determined by 3DRA was well correlated with those of CCT and TTE, despite different absolute values of each.
- Cardiac computed tomography (CCT)
- Contrast-enhanced three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA)
- Trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine