Background: Intracranial artery dissection (IAD) is gaining recognition as an important cause of stroke, but limited information is available about the morphology of the dissection. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between acute cerebral infarctions and the shape of hematoma in patients with IADs using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI). Methods: We enrolled consecutive patients who presented with vascular headaches, transient ischemic attacks, or ischemic strokes with acute IAD confirmed by HRMRI using key pathognomonic radiological findings of IAD, including intimal flap, intramural hematoma (IMH), and double lumen. All patients were enrolled and HRMRI was performed, both within 7 days of symptom onset. All patients with acute ischemic infarction within 7 days were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups: Those with a proximal dominant intramural hematoma (PIMH) and those with a distal dominant intramural hematoma (DIMH). A PIMH was defined as when the volume of the hematoma in the proximal region was greater than that in the distal region, and a DIMH was defined as when the distal region was greater than that in the proximal region. Clinical and radiological characteristics between the 2 groups were compared using univariable and multivariable logistic regression. Results: The mean age of the 42 participants was 52.6 ± 12.7 years, and 24 (57.1%) were male. Twenty-seven (64.3%) had a PIMH and 15 (35.7%) had a DIMH. Thirty-six (85.7%) showed a double lumen and 27 (64.3%) showed a dissecting flap. Acute infarction was observed in 31 (73.8%) patients. Patients with PIMHs showed a higher prevalence of cerebral infarction than those with DIMHs (96.3 vs. 33.3%; p < 0.001). Univariable (odds ratio [OR] 52.00; 95% confidence interval [CI] 5.386-502.082; p = 0.001) and multivariable (OR 65.43; 95% CI 5.20-822.92; p = 0.001) analyses showed that only dissection type was independently associated with the risk of cerebral infarction. Conclusion: In patients with cerebral artery dissections, the shape of IMHs was independently associated with cerebral infarction. PIMHs may be more closely associated with cerebral infarctions than DIMHs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine