Background: Both adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have high potential for promoting tissue revascularization and functional recovery in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) models. We investigated the functional effects of intramyocardial transplantation of a human ASC and EPC mixture in immunodeficient rats after MI. Methods: MI was induced by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. Survived rats were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 different groups: the control group (n = 10, saline in 100 μL), the ASC group (n = 10, 106 ASCs), the EPC group (n = 10, 106 EPCs), or the ASC + EPC group (n = 10, 2 × 105 ASCs + 8 × 105 EPCs). Left ventricular (LV) function was compared using echocardiography during the 28-day follow-up. GAP43+ nerve sprouting and smooth muscle α-actin + angiogenesis were also compared. Results: Serial changes in LV ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening revealed significant increases in the ASC, EPC, and ASC + EPC groups when compared to the control group during the follow-up (49 ± 3%, 49 ± 4%, 47 ± 4%, 39 ± 2%, P < 0.001, respectively for LVEF) (33 ± 4%, 32 ± 2%, 31 ± 2%, 23 ± 2%, P = 0.002, respectively for fractional shortening). The number of α-actin + arterioles and GAP43+ nerve area was significantly greater in the ASC, EPC, and ASC + EPC groups when compared to the control group in the peri-infarct area (34.4 ± 1.0/mm2, 35.9 ± 1.1/mm2, 35.3 ± 0.9/mm2, 17.4 ± 0.7/mm2, P < 0.001, respectively for angiogenesis) (346.2 ± 10.7 μm2/mm 2, 357.2 ± 12.8 μm2/mm2, 368.0 ± 9.7 μm2/mm2, 174.6 ± 7.9 μm 2/mm2, P < 0.001, respectively for nerve sprouting). Conlusions: Intramyocardial injections of ASCs, EPCs, or ASCs + EPCs are effective modalities for the treatment of myocardial damage in rats and may expand the potential clinical application of ASC or EPC therapy in patients with ischemic heart disease.
- Endothelial progenitor cell
- Myocardial infarction
- Stem cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine