Intravoxel incoherent motion magnetic resonance imaging to predict vesicoureteral reflux in children with urinary tract infection

Jeong Woo Kim, Chang Hee Lee, Kee Hwan Yoo, Bo Kyung Je, Berthold Kiefer, Yang Shin Park, Kyeong Ah Kim, Cheol Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the diffusion parameters of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) between the “reflux” and the “non-reflux” kidneys, and to evaluate the feasibility of using IVIM DWI to predict vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children with a urinary tract infection (UTI). Methods: Eighty-three kidneys from 57 pediatric patients with a UTI were classified into “reflux” and “non-reflux” groups according to voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) results. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), true diffusion coefficient (D), pseudo-diffusion coefficient (D*), and perfusion fraction (PF) were measured and compared in the renal pelvis of both groups. Four indices (D*/ADC, PF/ADC, D*/D, and PF/D) were calculated and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed. Results: VURs were detected on VCUG in 21 kidneys. PF and D* were significantly higher in the “reflux” group than in the “non-reflux” group. The indices were all significantly higher. The PF/D index showed the best diagnostic performance in predicting VUR in children with UTI (Az = 0.864). Conclusion: PF and D* were significantly higher in the "reflux" kidney than in the "non-reflux" kidney. Our new index (PF/D) could prove useful for predicting VUR. Key Points: • IVIM DWI is both radiation-free and contrast media-free. • IVIM DWI index is easily calculated by combining diffusion parameters. • IVIM DWI may help predict VUR in children with UTI. • PF is significantly higher in the “reflux” than the “non-reflux” kidneys. • A new VUR index, PF/D could prove useful for predicting VUR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1670-1677
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Intravoxel incoherent motion
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Pediatrics
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Vesico-ureteral reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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    Kim, J. W., Lee, C. H., Yoo, K. H., Je, B. K., Kiefer, B., Park, Y. S., Kim, K. A., & Park, C. M. (2016). Intravoxel incoherent motion magnetic resonance imaging to predict vesicoureteral reflux in children with urinary tract infection. European Radiology, 26(6), 1670-1677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00330-015-3986-7