Introduction of cross-linking agents to enhance the performance and chemical stability of polyethyleneimine-impregnated CO2 adsorbents: Effect of different alkyl chain lengths

Sunbin Jeon, Jinseo Min, Sung Hyun Kim, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyethyleneimine (PEI)-functionalized silica-based CO2 adsorbents are well known to irreversibly form urea during the regeneration process at high temperatures and under CO2-rich atmospheric conditions. The formation of urea is a critical drawback that substantially reduces the cyclic performance of PEI-functionalized adsorbents. In this study, epoxy cross-linkers were introduced to PEI to suppress the formation of urea. Pristine PEI and epoxy cross-linked PEI were impregnated into mesostructured cellular foam silica using a dry impregnation method. In particular, epoxy cross-linkers with different alkyl chain lengths were used, and the effect of the alkyl chain length of the cross-linkers on the chemical stability and CO2 adsorption performance of adsorbents was scrutinized. The suppression of urea formation improved as the alkyl chain length of the cross-linkers increased. The adsorbent functionalized with epoxy cross-linked PEI exhibited an approximately three times higher working capacity (0.71 mmol g−1) than the adsorbent functionalized with pristine PEI (0.23 mmol g−1) after 40 rapid cycles comprising adsorption at 100 °C with 15% CO2 balanced by N2 for 10 min and regeneration at 130 °C with 100% CO2 for 5 min. It is believed that the alkyl chain of the cross-linkers acted as a spacer that could hinder the urea formation, enhancing the chemical stability and CO2 adsorption performance of PEI-functionalized adsorbents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125531
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume398
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 15

Keywords

  • Alkyl chain length
  • CO capture
  • Chemical stability
  • Cross-linked PEI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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