Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces

Christina M. Weickgenannt, Yiyun Zhang, Suman Sinha-Ray, Ilia V. Roisman, Tatiana Gambaryan-Roisman, Cameron Tropea, Alexander Yarin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Leidenfrost effect is a technically and industrially important phenomenon that severely restricts heat removal from high-heat-flux surfaces. A simple remedy to the Leidenfrost effect is provided by polymer nanofiber mats created and deposited by electrospinning on stainless steel surfaces. The influence of nanofiber mats on hydrodynamics and cooling efficiency of single drop impact onto hot surfaces has been investigated experimentally. The evolution of the drops has been recorded by a high-speed complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor camera, whereas the cooling temperature was measured by a thermocouple. A remarkable phenomenon was discovered: a mat of polymer nanofibers electrospun onto a heater surface can completely suppress the Leidenfrost effect, thereby increasing the rate of heat removal from the surface to the liquid drops significantly. The "inverse-Leidenfrost" effect is described qualitatively and quantitatively, providing clear physical reasons for the observed behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article number036310
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Volume84
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sep 13
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Leidenfrost phenomenon
hot surfaces
Nanofibers
Cooling
cooling
heat
Polymers
Heat
Electrospinning
polymers
thermocouples
heaters
metal oxide semiconductors
Stainless Steel
heat flux
stainless steels
Heat Flux
cameras
hydrodynamics
high speed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability

Cite this

Weickgenannt, C. M., Zhang, Y., Sinha-Ray, S., Roisman, I. V., Gambaryan-Roisman, T., Tropea, C., & Yarin, A. (2011). Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, 84(3), [036310]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310

Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces. / Weickgenannt, Christina M.; Zhang, Yiyun; Sinha-Ray, Suman; Roisman, Ilia V.; Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana; Tropea, Cameron; Yarin, Alexander.

In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 84, No. 3, 036310, 13.09.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Weickgenannt, CM, Zhang, Y, Sinha-Ray, S, Roisman, IV, Gambaryan-Roisman, T, Tropea, C & Yarin, A 2011, 'Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces', Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 84, no. 3, 036310. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310
Weickgenannt CM, Zhang Y, Sinha-Ray S, Roisman IV, Gambaryan-Roisman T, Tropea C et al. Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces. Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 2011 Sep 13;84(3). 036310. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310
Weickgenannt, Christina M. ; Zhang, Yiyun ; Sinha-Ray, Suman ; Roisman, Ilia V. ; Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana ; Tropea, Cameron ; Yarin, Alexander. / Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces. In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics. 2011 ; Vol. 84, No. 3.
@article{ccdcac91e80d493ebba24e7016de3a6c,
title = "Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces",
abstract = "The Leidenfrost effect is a technically and industrially important phenomenon that severely restricts heat removal from high-heat-flux surfaces. A simple remedy to the Leidenfrost effect is provided by polymer nanofiber mats created and deposited by electrospinning on stainless steel surfaces. The influence of nanofiber mats on hydrodynamics and cooling efficiency of single drop impact onto hot surfaces has been investigated experimentally. The evolution of the drops has been recorded by a high-speed complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor camera, whereas the cooling temperature was measured by a thermocouple. A remarkable phenomenon was discovered: a mat of polymer nanofibers electrospun onto a heater surface can completely suppress the Leidenfrost effect, thereby increasing the rate of heat removal from the surface to the liquid drops significantly. The {"}inverse-Leidenfrost{"} effect is described qualitatively and quantitatively, providing clear physical reasons for the observed behavior.",
author = "Weickgenannt, {Christina M.} and Yiyun Zhang and Suman Sinha-Ray and Roisman, {Ilia V.} and Tatiana Gambaryan-Roisman and Cameron Tropea and Alexander Yarin",
year = "2011",
month = "9",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310",
language = "English",
volume = "84",
journal = "Physical Review E",
issn = "2470-0045",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Inverse-Leidenfrost phenomenon on nanofiber mats on hot surfaces

AU - Weickgenannt, Christina M.

AU - Zhang, Yiyun

AU - Sinha-Ray, Suman

AU - Roisman, Ilia V.

AU - Gambaryan-Roisman, Tatiana

AU - Tropea, Cameron

AU - Yarin, Alexander

PY - 2011/9/13

Y1 - 2011/9/13

N2 - The Leidenfrost effect is a technically and industrially important phenomenon that severely restricts heat removal from high-heat-flux surfaces. A simple remedy to the Leidenfrost effect is provided by polymer nanofiber mats created and deposited by electrospinning on stainless steel surfaces. The influence of nanofiber mats on hydrodynamics and cooling efficiency of single drop impact onto hot surfaces has been investigated experimentally. The evolution of the drops has been recorded by a high-speed complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor camera, whereas the cooling temperature was measured by a thermocouple. A remarkable phenomenon was discovered: a mat of polymer nanofibers electrospun onto a heater surface can completely suppress the Leidenfrost effect, thereby increasing the rate of heat removal from the surface to the liquid drops significantly. The "inverse-Leidenfrost" effect is described qualitatively and quantitatively, providing clear physical reasons for the observed behavior.

AB - The Leidenfrost effect is a technically and industrially important phenomenon that severely restricts heat removal from high-heat-flux surfaces. A simple remedy to the Leidenfrost effect is provided by polymer nanofiber mats created and deposited by electrospinning on stainless steel surfaces. The influence of nanofiber mats on hydrodynamics and cooling efficiency of single drop impact onto hot surfaces has been investigated experimentally. The evolution of the drops has been recorded by a high-speed complimentary metal-oxide semiconductor camera, whereas the cooling temperature was measured by a thermocouple. A remarkable phenomenon was discovered: a mat of polymer nanofibers electrospun onto a heater surface can completely suppress the Leidenfrost effect, thereby increasing the rate of heat removal from the surface to the liquid drops significantly. The "inverse-Leidenfrost" effect is described qualitatively and quantitatively, providing clear physical reasons for the observed behavior.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80053032009&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80053032009&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevE.84.036310

M3 - Article

VL - 84

JO - Physical Review E

JF - Physical Review E

SN - 2470-0045

IS - 3

M1 - 036310

ER -