Investigation of acoustic cavitation energy in a large-scale sonoreactor

Younggyu Son, Myunghee Lim, Jeehyeong Khim

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61 Citations (Scopus)


Acoustic cavitation energy distributions were investigated for various frequencies such as 35, 72, 110 and 170 kHz in a large-scale sonoreactor. The energy analyses were conducted in three-dimensions and the highest and most stable cavitation energy distribution was obtained not in 35 kHz but in 72 kHz. However, the half-cavitation-energy distance was larger in the case of 35 kHz ultrasound than in the case of 72 kHz, demonstrating that cavitation energy for one cycle was higher for a lower frequency. This discrepancy was due to the large surface area of the cavitation-energy-meter probe. In addition, 110 and 170 kHz ultrasound showed a very low and poor cavitation energy distribution. Therefore larger input power was required to optimize the use of higher frequency ultrasound in the sonoreactor with long-irradiation distance. The relationship between cavitation energy and sonochemical efficiency using potassium iodide (KI) dosimetry was best fitted quadratically. From 7.77 × 10-10 to 4.42 × 10-9 mol/J of sonochemical efficiency was evaluated for the cavitation energy from 31.76 to 103. 67 W. In addition, the cavitation energy attenuation was estimated under the assumption that cavitation energy measured in this study would be equivalent to sound intensity, resulting in 0.10, 0.18 and 2.44 m-1 of the attenuation coefficient (α) for 35, 72 and 110 kHz, respectively. Furthermore, α/(frequency)2 was not constant, as some previous studies have suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-556
Number of pages5
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr


  • Attenuation
  • Cavitation energy
  • Large-scale sonoreactors
  • Sonochemical efficiency
  • Sonochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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