Investigation of functionalized surface charges of thermoplastic starch/zinc oxide nanocomposite films using polyaniline: The potential of improved antibacterial properties

Korakot Charoensri, Chatchai Rodwihok, Duangmanee Wongratanaphisan, Jung A. Ko, Jin Suk Chung, Hyun Jin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improving the antibacterial activity of biodegradable materials is crucial for combatting widespread drug-resistant bacteria and plastic pollutants. In this work, we studied polyaniline (PANI)-functionalized zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) to improve surface charges. A PANI-functionalized ZnO NP surface was prepared using a simple impregnation technique. The PANI functionalization of ZnO successfully increased the positive surface charge of the ZnO NPs. In addition, PANI-functionalized ZnO improved mechanical properties and thermal stability. Besides those properties, the water permeability of the bionanocomposite films was decreased due to their increased hydrophobicity. PANI-functionalized ZnO NPs were applied to thermoplastic starch (TPS) films for physical properties and antibacterial studies using Escherichia coli ( E. Coli) and Staphylococcus aureus ( S. aureus ). The PANI-functionalized ZnO bionanocomposite films exhibited excellent antibacterial activity for both E. Coli (76%) and S. aureus (72%). This result suggests that PANI-functionalized ZnO NPs can improve the antibacterial activity of TPS-based bionanocomposite films.

Original languageEnglish
Article number425
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalPolymers
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan

Keywords

  • Antibacterial activity
  • Functionalized ZnO NPs
  • Polyaniline
  • Positive surface charge
  • Thermoplastic starch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of functionalized surface charges of thermoplastic starch/zinc oxide nanocomposite films using polyaniline: The potential of improved antibacterial properties'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this