Investigation of the potassium-ion storage mechanism of nickel selenide materials and rational design of nickel selenide-C yolk-shell structure for enhancing electrochemical properties

Min Kim, Gi Dae Park, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Metal selenide is contemplated as expeditious anode material for potassium-ion batteries (KIBs). Here, nickel selenide (NiSe2-Ni0.85Se) was investigated as an anode material for KIBs. The NiSex transformed into K2Se and K2Se3 (K2Sex) and reversibly returned to NiSex after the discharge and charge processes (17NiSe2 + 3Ni0.85Se + 38 K+ + 38e ↔ 19.55Ni + 10K2Se + 9K2Se3). Furthermore, to enhance the electrochemical properties of nickel selenide, yolk-shell-structured nickel selenide and hollow carbon nanosphere composites, in which nickel selenides intensively existed in the core and were partially formed into nanocrystals in the shell, were produced by simple salt-infiltration and a post-treatment. NiSex@C exhibited improved cycle and rate properties compared to bare NiSex because of its structural merits that led to stable cycle performance and high electrochemical kinetics. NiSex@C exhibited 373 mA h g−1 for the 100th cycle at 0.05 A g−1 and 234 mA h g−1 at 1.0 A g−1.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • hollow carbon
  • nickel selenide
  • potassium-ion batteries
  • transition metal chalcogenide
  • yolk-shell structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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