A novel liver X receptor (LXR) modulator, iristectorigenin B isolated from Belamcanda chinensis, stimulated the transcriptional activity of both LXR-α and LXR-β. In macrophages, iristectorigenin B suppressed cholesterol accumulation in a dose-dependent manner and induced the transcriptional activation of LXR-α/-β-responsive genes, ATP-binding cassette transporters A1 and G1. It did not induce hepatic lipid accumulation nor the expression of the lipogenesis genes sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1c, fatty acid synthase, and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1. Iristectorigenin B thus is a dual-LXR agonist that regulates the expression of key genes in cholesterol homeostasis in macrophage cells without inducing hepatic lipid accumulation.
- Belamcanda chinensis
- Iristectorigenin B
- LXR modulator
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology