Is colonoscopic screening necessary for patients with gastric adenoma or cancer?

Seung Young Kim, Sung Woo Jung, Jong Jin Hyun, Ja Seol Koo, Rok Seon Choung, Hyung Joon Yim, Sang Woo Lee, Jai Hyun Choi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Since colorectal adenoma or cancer is commonly associated with gastric adenoma or cancer, early colorectal adenoma detection can affect the survival of gastric adenoma or cancer patients. Aims: The purpose here was to investigate the colorectal adenoma or cancer prevalence and evaluate the necessity for screening colonoscopy in gastric adenoma or cancer patients. Patients and methods: From September 2005 through August 2010, 857 patients younger than 70 years who had gastric adenoma or cancer were enrolled. Healthy age- and sex-matched controls were selected from the general screening population. The prevalence and risk of colorectal adenoma or cancer were compared between the participants and the controls. Results: Data from 416 patients in the gastric neoplasm group (123 with gastric adenoma and 293 with gastric cancer) and 416 healthy control group participants were included in the statistical analysis. The presence of gastric adenoma or cancer was an independent risk factor for colorectal neoplasm (OR = 1.348, 95 % CI = 1.001-1.815). Patients with diffuse type gastric cancer had a lower prevalence of colorectal adenoma or cancer than those with gastric adenoma or intestinal type cancer. In gastric cancer patients younger than 50 years, intestinal type histology was significantly associated with colorectal adenoma or cancer (OR = 3.838, 95 % CI = 1.077-13.677). Conclusions: The colorectal adenoma or cancer risk was significantly increased in patients with gastric adenoma or cancer. Therefore, screening colonoscopy should be considered for gastric adenoma or cancer patients including young patients, in the case of intestinal type gastric cancer.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3263-3269
    Number of pages7
    JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
    Volume58
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov

    Keywords

    • Cancer screening
    • Colon adenoma
    • Colonoscopy
    • Gastric adenoma
    • Gastric cancer

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Physiology
    • Gastroenterology

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