Is it Feasible to Use the Commercially Available Autoquantitation Software for the Evaluation of Myocardial Viability on Small-Animal Cardiac F-18 FDG PET Scan?

Kisoo Pahk, Sun Young Oh, Eugene Jeong, Sung Ho Lee, Sang Keun Woo, Jung Woo Yu, Jae-Gol Choe, Gi Jeong Cheon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the reliability of quantitation of myocardial viability on cardiac F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) scans with three different methods of visual scoring system, autoquantitation using commercially available autoquantitation software, and infarct-size measurement using histogram-based maximum pixel threshold identification on polar-map in rat hearts. Methods: A myocardial infarct (MI) model was made by left anterior descending artery (LAD) ligation in rat hearts. Eighteen MI rats underwent cardiac FDG-PET-computed tomography (CT) twice within a 4-week interval. Myocardium was partitioned into 20 segments for the comparison, and then we quantitated non-viable myocardium on cardiac FDG PET-CT with three different methods: method A-infarct-size measurement using histogram-based maximum pixel threshold identification on polar-map; method B-summed MI score (SMS) by a four-point visual scoring system; method C-metabolic non-viable values by commercially available autoquantitation software. Changes of non-viable myocardium on serial PET-CT scans with three different methods were calculated by the change of each parameter. Correlation and reproducibility were evaluated between the different methods. Results: Infarct-size measurement, visual SMS, and non-viable values by autoquantitation software presented proportional relationship to each other. All the parameters of methods A, B, and C showed relatively good correlation between each other. Among them, infarct-size measurement (method A) and autoquantitation software (method C) showed the best correlation (r = 0.87, p < 0.001). When we evaluated the changes of non-viable myocardium on the serial FDG-PET-CT- however, autoquantitation program showed less correlation with the other methods. Visual assessment (method B) and those of infarct size (method A) showed the best correlation (r = 0.54, p = 0.02) for the assessment of interval changes. Conclusions: Commercially available quantitation software could be applied to measure the myocardial viability on small animal cardiac FDG-PET-CT scan. This kind of quantitation showed good correlation with infarct size measurement by histogram-based maximum pixel threshold identification. However, this method showed the weak correlation when applied in the measuring the changes of non-viable myocardium on the serial scans, which means that the caution will be needed to evaluate the changes on the serial monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-114
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 1

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Keywords

  • Autoquantitation
  • FDG PET
  • Myocardial infarct model
  • Myocardial viability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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