Is pursuit of termination of atrial fibrillation during catheter ablation of great value in patients with longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation?

Yae M. Park, Jongil Choi, Hong Euy Lim, Sang W. Park, Young Hoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)


Termination of Atrial Fibrillation During Catheter Ablation Predicts Better Outcome. Background: The reliable endpoint for ablation of longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation (LPAF) has not been clearly established. Methods and Results: This study included 140 patients who underwent catheter ablation for drug-refractory LPAF. A stepwise ablation approach included circumferential pulmonary vein isolation followed by left atrial and right atrial complex fractionated electrogram-guided ablation. Atrial fibrillation (AF) was terminated by radiofrequency application during catheter ablation in 95 patients (67.9%). Among them, 33 patients (23.6%) converted to sinus rhythm directly, whereas 62 patients (44.3%) via atrial tachycardias (ATs). Patients in whom AF terminated during the index procedure had a lower recurrence rate of atrial arrhythmia than patients in whom AF did not terminate (45.3% vs 68.9%, P = 0.009, follow-up 18.7 ± 7.6 months). Among patients in whom AF terminated, there was no significant difference in recurrence rate according to the termination mode, whether converted to AT or not (P = NS). However, patients who converted to AT had a higher recurrence rate of AT (54.8% vs 81%; P = 0.016). Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated that termination of AF during ablation (HR 0.440; 95% CI: 0.200-0.969, P = 0.041) and structural heart disease (HR 2.633; 95% CI: 1.211-5.723; P = 0.015) were significant independent factors predicting the recurrence of atrial arrhythmia. Conclusions: Termination of AF during catheter ablation is associated with a better clinical outcome in patients with LPAF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1051-1058
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1



  • atrial tachycardia
  • catheter ablation
  • complex fractionated atrial electrograms
  • left atrial flutter
  • persistent atrial fibrillation
  • pulmonary vein isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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