Is routine repeated head CT necessary for all pediatric traumatic brain injury?

Won Hyung Kim, Dong Jun Lim, Se Hoon Kim, Sung Kon Ha, Jong Il Choi, Sang Dae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective : Repeated computed tomography (CT) follow up for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients is often performed. But there is debate the indication for repeated CT scans, especially in pediatric patients. Purpose of our study is to find risk factors of progression on repeated CT and delayed surgical intervention based on the repeated head CT. Methods : Between March, 2007 and December, 2013, 269 pediatric patients (age 0–18 years) had admitted to our hospital for head trauma. Patients were classified into 8 subgroups according to mechanisms of injury. Types, amount of hemorrhage and amount changes on repeated CT were analyzed as well as initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores. Results : Within our cohort of 269 patients, 174 patients received repeat CT. There were progression in the amount of hemorrhage in 48 (27.6%) patients. Among various hemorrhage types, epidural hemorrhage (EDH) more than 10 cc measured in initial CT was found to be at risk of delayed surgical intervention significantly after routine repeated CT with or without neurological deterioration than other types of hemorrhage. Based on initial GCS, severe head trauma group (GCS 3–8) was at risk of delayed surgical intervention after routine repeated CT without change of clinical neurologic status. Conclusion : We suggest that the patients with EDH more than 10 cc or GCS below 9 should receive repeated head CT even though absence of significant clinical deterioration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Computed tomography
  • Cranial epidural hemorrhage
  • Glasgow coma scale
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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