Isolated labyrinthine infarction as a harbinger of anterior inferior cerebellar artery territory infarction with normal diffusion-weighted brain MRI

Ji Soo Kim, Kyung Hee Cho, Hyung Lee

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    49 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objectives: This paper aims to determine the frequency of isolated labyrinthine infarction as an initial manifestation of anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) territory infarction and discuss its clinical implication. Methods: We studied 54 consecutive patients with AICA infarction diagnosed by brain MRI from the acute stroke registry. Results: We identified 4 patients (7.4%) with AICA territory infarction who initially presented with vertigo and hearing loss mimicking acute labyrinthitis and subsequently suffered from delayed neurological deficits. All patients had normal brain MRIs including diffusion-weighted images at the time of isolated audiovestibular loss, but all subsequently exhibited acute infarct(s) in the AICA territory on follow-up brain MRIs when they developed additional neurological deficits. Conclusion: Labyrinthine infarction may be a warning sign of impending pontocerebellar infarction in the AICA territory. Our results indicate that even a classical peripheral presentation, e.g., acute hearing loss, and acute vertigo with unidirectional nystagmus, may be a manifestation of ischemic stroke in the posterior circulation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)82-84
    Number of pages3
    JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
    Volume278
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009 Mar 15

    Keywords

    • Anterior inferior cerebellar artery
    • Infarction
    • Inner ear
    • Prodrome

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Neurology
    • Clinical Neurology

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