Isolation and characterization of kelch repeat-containing F-box proteins from colored wheat

Min Jeong Hong, Dae Yeon Kim, Hong Il Choi, Yong Weon Seo, Jin Baek Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


F-box proteins play important roles in the regulation of various developmental processes in plants. Approximately 1796 F-box genes have been identified in the wheat genome, but details of their functions remain unknown. Moreover, not much was known about the roles of kelch repeat domain-containing F-box genes (TaKFBs) in wheat. In the present study, we isolated five TaKFBs to investigate the roles of KFBs at different stages of colored wheat grain development. The cDNAs encoding TaKFB1, TaKFB2, TaKFB3, TaKFB4, and TaKFB5 contained 363, 449, 353, 382, and 456 bp open reading frames, respectively. All deduced TaKFBs contained an F-box domain (IPR001810) and a kelch repeat type 1 domain (IPR006652), except TaKFB2. Expression of TaKFBs was elevated during the pigmentation stages of grain development. To clarify how TaKFB and SKP interact in wheat, we investigated whether five TaKFB proteins showed specificity for six SKP proteins using a yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) assay. An Y2H screen was performed to search for proteins capable of binding the TaKFBs and interaction was identified between TaKFB1 and aquaporin PIP1. To examine the subcellular localization of TaKFBs, we transiently expressed TaKFB-green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusions in tobacco leaves; the TaKFB-GFP fusions were detected in the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Y2H and bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) assays revealed that TaKFB1 specifically interacts with aquaporin PIP1. These results will provide useful information for further functional studies on wheat F-box proteins and their possible roles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1129-1141
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular biology reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Feb 1


  • F-box protein
  • Grain development
  • Kelch repeat
  • TaKFB
  • Wheat
  • Yeast two-hybrid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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