Job Analysis of Visiting Nurses in the Process of Change Using FGI and DACUM

Kim Jieun, Lee Insook, Choo Jina, Noh Songwhi, Park Hannah, Gweon Sohyeon, Lee Kyunghee, Kim Kyoungok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study conducted a job analysis of visiting nurses in the process of change. Methods: Participants were the visiting nurses working for the Seoul Metropolitan city. On the basis of the Public Health Intervention Wheel model, two times of the focus group interview (FGI) with seven visiting nurses and one time of the Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) with 34 visiting nurses were performed. A questionnaire survey of 380 visiting nurses was conducted to examine the frequency, importance and difficulty levels of the tasks created by using the FGI and DACUM. Results: Visiting nurses’ job was derived as the theme of present versus transitional roles. The present role was categorized as ‘providing individualand group-focused services’ and ‘conducting organization management’, while the transitional role was categorized as ‘providing district-focused services’ and ‘responding to new health issues’. The job generated 13 duties, 28 tasks, and 73task elements. The tasks showed the levels of frequency (3.65 scores), importance (4.27 scores), and difficulty (3.81 scores). All the tasks were determined as important, exceeding the average 4.00 scores. The groupand district-focused services of the tasks were recognized as more difficult but less frequent tasks. Conclusion: The visiting nurses exert both present and transitional roles. The transitional roles identified in the present study should be recognized as an extended role of visiting nurses in accordance with the current changing healthcare needs in South Korea. Finally, the educational curriculum for visiting nurses that reflects the transitional roles from the present study is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-31
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Keywords

  • community health
  • Home care services
  • Job description
  • Nurses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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