In this paper, we propose a joint beamforming algorithm for a multiuser wireless information and power transfer (MU-WIPT) system that is compatible with the conventional multiuser multiple input multiple output (MU-MIMO) system. The proposed joint beamforming vectors are initialized using the well established MU-MIMO zero-forcing beamforming (ZFBF) and are further updated to maximize the total harvested energy of energy harvesting (EH) users and guarantee the signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR) constraints of the co-scheduled information decoding (ID) users. When ID and EH users are simultaneously served by joint beamforming vectors, the harvested energy can be increased at the cost of an SINR loss for ID users. To characterize the SINR loss, the target SINR ratio \mu is introduced as the target SINR (i.e., SINR constraint) normalized by the received SINR achievable with ZFBF. Based on that ratio, the sum rate and harvested energy obtained from the proposed algorithm are analyzed under perfect/imperfect channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT). Through simulations and numerical results, we validate the derived analyses and demonstrate the EH and ID performance compared to both state of the art and conventional schemes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics