This letter studies a joint design of fronthaul and radio access links for a cloud radio access network (C-RAN) with wireless fronthauling, where a baseband unit (BBU) controls a number of remote radio heads (RRHs) via wireless fronthaul links to communicate with user equipments. We first review a basic approach based on a single cell concept, whereby the RRHs operate as decode-and-forward (DF) relays. Then, a cooperative transmission from the RRHs based on decompress-and-forward (DCF) relaying is proposed, which is a standard concept in C-RAN. For both strategies, a problem of jointly optimizing the BBU and RRH operations is tackled with the goal of maximizing the weighted sum-rate subject to the BBU and per-RRH power constraints. For each formulated problem, an iterative algorithm is derived that achieves a sequence of monotonically nondecreasing objective values at each iteration. It is confirmed via numerical results that the DCF-based cooperative scheme significantly outperforms the DF-based single-cell approach.
- wireless fronthaul
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Signal Processing
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Applied Mathematics