Kainate receptors expressed by a subpopulation of developing nociceptors rapidly switch from high to low Ca2+ permeability

C. Justin Lee, Haeyoung Kong, M. Chiara Manzini, Cristóvão Albuquerque, Moses V. Chao, Amy B. MacDermott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons first express kainate receptor subunits, predominantly GluR5, during embryonic development. In the DRG and throughout the nervous system, substantial editing of GluR5 mRNA occurs with developmental maturation (Bernard et al., 1999). The accompanying change in Ca2+ permeability of functional kainate receptors that is the predicted outcome of this developmental regulation of mRNA editing has not been investigated. Here we report that kainate receptors on DRG neurons from late embryonic and newborn rats are predominantly Ca2+ permeable but then become fully Ca2+ impermeable later in the first postnatal week. Using multiple markers for nociceptor subpopulations, we show that this switch in Ca2+ permeability is not caused by the appearance of a new subpopulation of nociceptors with different receptor properties. Instead, the change in Ca2+ permeability matches the time course of post-transcriptional RNA editing of GluR5 at the Q/R site within the pore of the channel, indicating that the change is probably caused by developmentally regulated RNA editing. We also report that, on the basis of the strong correlation of receptor expression with expression of the surface markers LA4, isolectin B4, and LD2, kainate receptors are present on C-fiber-type neurons projecting to lamina II of spinal cord dorsal horn. These results raise the possibility that kainate receptors in their Ca2+-permeable form serve a developmental role in synapse formation between this population of C-fibers and their targets in the spinal cord dorsal horn. Thereafter, the receptors may serve a new function that does not require Ca2+ permeability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4572-4581
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume21
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jul 1

Keywords

  • C-fiber
  • Calcium permeability
  • Capsaicin
  • Dorsal root ganglion
  • IB4
  • Kainate receptor
  • LA4
  • LD2
  • Lamina II
  • Nociceptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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