Keloids and hypertrophic scars: Characteristic vascular structures visualized by using dermoscopy

Min Gun Yoo, Il Hwan Kim

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background: Keloids and hypertrophic scars represent excessive scarring. They require different therapeutic approaches, which can be hampered because of an apparent lack of morphologic difference between the two diseases. Objective: This study investigated the clinical and dermoscopic features of keloids and hypertrophic scars in order to help dermatologists distinguish these lesions better. Methods: A total of 41 keloids and hypertrophic scars in 41 patients were examined clinically and by performing dermoscopy with a digital imaging system. Lesions were evaluated for vascular structures. Results: Dermoscopy revealed vascular structures in most keloid lesions (90%) but in only 27% of hypertrophic scar lesions. The most common dermoscopic vascular structures in keloids were arborizing (52%), followed by linear irregular (33%) and comma-shaped (15%); these features were present but less evident in hypertrophic scars (9% for all types). The distribution frequency of the vascular structures differed significantly between diseases (p < 0.001). Conclusion: A strong association of vascular structures with keloids was observed on dermoscopic examination. The results suggest dermoscopic examination of vascular structures is a clinically useful diagnostic tool for differentiating between keloids and hypertrophic scars.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)603-609
    Number of pages7
    JournalAnnals of Dermatology
    Volume26
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct 1

    Keywords

    • Blood vessels
    • Dermoscopy
    • Hypertrophic scar (hypertrophic cicatrix)
    • Keloid

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Dermatology

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