Kinetic and structural analyses for the formation of anatase nanocrystals in barium titanoborate glasses

Jong Youn Choi, Yun Mo Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract Transparent barium titanoborate glass-ceramics bearing TiO<inf>2</inf> (anantase) nanocrystals were prepared by the conventional melt-quenching and subsequent heat treatment of 35BaO-xTiO<inf>2</inf>-110B<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> (in mol) (x = 20, 25, and 30) glasses. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) results clearly reveal the formation of highly-crystalline anatase nanocrystals in glass matrices. The average crystal size ranges from ∼10 to 20 nm according to TiO<inf>2</inf> contents. Non-isothermal kinetic analyses were performed to understand the crystallization behavior of each glass using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) scan curves. With the increase of TiO<inf>2</inf> contents in the glass, the crystallization peak temperature of TiO<inf>2</inf> decreases, while the activation energy for crystallization increases. We propose a possible mechanism for the formation of TiO<inf>2</inf> nanocrystals based upon kinetic analysis results and structural changes in barium titanoborate glass matrices according to TiO<inf>2</inf> contents. The nanocrystalline glass-ceramics show ∼60-75% visible light transmittance and sharp UV-light absorption edges at ∼387 nm, corresponding to the energy band gap of anatase (3.2 eV). They show apparent photocatalytic properties and ∼70% of methylene blue solution was decomposed within 180 min.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34621
Pages (from-to)1022-1027
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume647
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jul 8

Keywords

  • Anatase
  • Glass-ceramic
  • Nanocrystals
  • Non-isothermal kinetics
  • Photocatalytic effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys

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