Kinetics, thermodynamics and mechanistic studies of carbofuran removal using biochars from tea waste and rice husks

Meththika Vithanage, S. S. Mayakaduwa, Indika Herath, Yong Sik Ok, Dinesh Mohan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reports the thermodynamic application and non-linear kinetic models in order to postulate the mechanisms and compare the carbofuran adsorption behavior onto rice husk and tea waste derived biochars. Locally available rice husk and infused tea waste biochars were produced at 700 °C. Biochars were characterized by using proximate, ultimate and surface characterization methods. Batch experiments were conducted at 25, 35, and 45 °C for a series of carbofuran solutions ranging from 5 to 100 mg L-1 with a biochar dose of 1 g L-1 at pH 5.0 with acetate buffer. Molar O/C ratios indicated that rice husk biochar (RHBC700) is more hydrophilic than tea waste biochar (TWBC700). Negative δG (Gibbs free energy change) values indicated the feasibility of carbofuran adsorption on biochar. Increasing δG values with the rise in temperature indicated high favorability at higher temperatures for both RHBC and TWBC. Enthalpy values suggested the involvement of physisorption type interactions. Kinetic data modeling exhibited contribution of both physisorption, via pore diffusion, π*-π electron donor-acceptor interaction, H-bonding, and van der Waals dispersion forces and chemisorption via chemical bonding with phenolic, and amine groups. Equilibrium adsorption capacities of RHBC and TWBC determined by pseudo second order kinetic model were 25.2 and 10.2 mg g-1, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)781-789
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume150
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 May 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemisorption
  • Enthalpy
  • Entropy
  • Pesticide
  • Physisorption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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