Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008: 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population

Donggeun Sul, Ryoungme Ahn, Hosub Im, Eunha Oh, Jae Hyoun Kim, Jin Gyoung Kim, Pan Gyi Kim, Hyoung Ah Kim, Won Yeul Park, Bu Soon Son, Daeyewn Shin, Ae Sug Shim, Wonho Yang, Seung Do Yu, Kyoung Ho Lee, Kee Jae Lee, Sun dong Lee, Jong Wha Lee, Chae Kwan Lee, Bong Ki JangKyungho Choi, Don Hee Han, Moon Young Hwang, Jin Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body conducts representative Korean population studies, which were first initiated in 2005 in Korea. This study was conducted from 2008 to 2009 to determine the exposure levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population. The study population consisted of 4702 adult subjects from 196 sampling locations including coastal, rural, and urban areas. The urinary levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were measured for exposure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine. The geometric means of the urinary 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol and cotinine concentrations in the Korean general population were 0.15 μg/L (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.13-0.17), 3.84 μg/L (95% CI: 3.57-4.11) and 47.42 μg/L (95% CI: 40.52-54.32) respectively. When these values were compared with reference ranges for the United States and Germany, the levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were very similar for Korea and Germany, however, these levels were slightly lower in the United States. This study is the first nationwide survey of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in Korea and provides a background reference range for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

Keywords

  • 1-Hydorxypyrene
  • 2-Naphthol
  • Cotinine
  • Nicotine
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Urinary metabolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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    Sul, D., Ahn, R., Im, H., Oh, E., Kim, J. H., Kim, J. G., Kim, P. G., Kim, H. A., Park, W. Y., Son, B. S., Shin, D., Shim, A. S., Yang, W., Yu, S. D., Lee, K. H., Lee, K. J., Lee, S. D., Lee, J. W., Lee, C. K., ... Lee, J. H. (2012). Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008: 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population. Environmental Research, 118, 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2012.07.010