Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008: 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population

Dong Geun Sul, Ryoungme Ahn, Hosub Im, Eunha Oh, Jae Hyoun Kim, Jin Gyoung Kim, PanGyi Kim, Hyoung Ah Kim, Won Yeul Park, Bu Soon Son, Daeyewn Shin, Ae Sug Shim, Wonho Yang, Seung Do Yu, Kyoung Ho Lee, Kee Jae Lee, Sun dong Lee, Jong Wha Lee, Chae Kwan Lee, Bong Ki JangKyungho Choi, Don Hee Han, Moon Young Hwang, Jin Heon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body conducts representative Korean population studies, which were first initiated in 2005 in Korea. This study was conducted from 2008 to 2009 to determine the exposure levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population. The study population consisted of 4702 adult subjects from 196 sampling locations including coastal, rural, and urban areas. The urinary levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were measured for exposure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine. The geometric means of the urinary 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol and cotinine concentrations in the Korean general population were 0.15 μg/L (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.13-0.17), 3.84 μg/L (95% CI: 3.57-4.11) and 47.42 μg/L (95% CI: 40.52-54.32) respectively. When these values were compared with reference ranges for the United States and Germany, the levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were very similar for Korea and Germany, however, these levels were slightly lower in the United States. This study is the first nationwide survey of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in Korea and provides a background reference range for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct 1

Fingerprint

Cotinine
Environmental Pollutants
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
Korea
Nicotine
Human Body
urine
PAH
Urine
confidence interval
pollutant
Population
Confidence Intervals
Germany
Reference Values
rural area
urban area
Sampling
Surveys and Questionnaires
2-naphthol

Keywords

  • 1-Hydorxypyrene
  • 2-Naphthol
  • Cotinine
  • Nicotine
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Urinary metabolites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008 : 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population. / Sul, Dong Geun; Ahn, Ryoungme; Im, Hosub; Oh, Eunha; Kim, Jae Hyoun; Kim, Jin Gyoung; Kim, PanGyi; Kim, Hyoung Ah; Park, Won Yeul; Son, Bu Soon; Shin, Daeyewn; Shim, Ae Sug; Yang, Wonho; Yu, Seung Do; Lee, Kyoung Ho; Lee, Kee Jae; Lee, Sun dong; Lee, Jong Wha; Lee, Chae Kwan; Jang, Bong Ki; Choi, Kyungho; Han, Don Hee; Hwang, Moon Young; Lee, Jin Heon.

In: Environmental Research, Vol. 118, 01.10.2012, p. 25-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sul, DG, Ahn, R, Im, H, Oh, E, Kim, JH, Kim, JG, Kim, P, Kim, HA, Park, WY, Son, BS, Shin, D, Shim, AS, Yang, W, Yu, SD, Lee, KH, Lee, KJ, Lee, SD, Lee, JW, Lee, CK, Jang, BK, Choi, K, Han, DH, Hwang, MY & Lee, JH 2012, 'Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008: 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population', Environmental Research, vol. 118, pp. 25-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2012.07.010
Sul, Dong Geun ; Ahn, Ryoungme ; Im, Hosub ; Oh, Eunha ; Kim, Jae Hyoun ; Kim, Jin Gyoung ; Kim, PanGyi ; Kim, Hyoung Ah ; Park, Won Yeul ; Son, Bu Soon ; Shin, Daeyewn ; Shim, Ae Sug ; Yang, Wonho ; Yu, Seung Do ; Lee, Kyoung Ho ; Lee, Kee Jae ; Lee, Sun dong ; Lee, Jong Wha ; Lee, Chae Kwan ; Jang, Bong Ki ; Choi, Kyungho ; Han, Don Hee ; Hwang, Moon Young ; Lee, Jin Heon. / Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body 2008 : 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine in urine of the Korean population. In: Environmental Research. 2012 ; Vol. 118. pp. 25-30.
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AU - Ahn, Ryoungme

AU - Im, Hosub

AU - Oh, Eunha

AU - Kim, Jae Hyoun

AU - Kim, Jin Gyoung

AU - Kim, PanGyi

AU - Kim, Hyoung Ah

AU - Park, Won Yeul

AU - Son, Bu Soon

AU - Shin, Daeyewn

AU - Shim, Ae Sug

AU - Yang, Wonho

AU - Yu, Seung Do

AU - Lee, Kyoung Ho

AU - Lee, Kee Jae

AU - Lee, Sun dong

AU - Lee, Jong Wha

AU - Lee, Chae Kwan

AU - Jang, Bong Ki

AU - Choi, Kyungho

AU - Han, Don Hee

AU - Hwang, Moon Young

AU - Lee, Jin Heon

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N2 - The Korea National Survey for Environmental Pollutants in the human body conducts representative Korean population studies, which were first initiated in 2005 in Korea. This study was conducted from 2008 to 2009 to determine the exposure levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population. The study population consisted of 4702 adult subjects from 196 sampling locations including coastal, rural, and urban areas. The urinary levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were measured for exposure of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine. The geometric means of the urinary 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol and cotinine concentrations in the Korean general population were 0.15 μg/L (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.13-0.17), 3.84 μg/L (95% CI: 3.57-4.11) and 47.42 μg/L (95% CI: 40.52-54.32) respectively. When these values were compared with reference ranges for the United States and Germany, the levels of 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-naphthol, and cotinine were very similar for Korea and Germany, however, these levels were slightly lower in the United States. This study is the first nationwide survey of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in Korea and provides a background reference range for exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and nicotine in the Korean general population.

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