Korean version of the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury scale: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation

Jeong Ku Ha, Jin Goo Kim, Kyoung Ho Yoon, Joon Ho Wang, Jong Keun Seon, Ji Hoon Bae, Ki-Mo Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: To translate into Korean and culturally adapt the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sports after injury (ACL-RSI) scale assessing psychological readiness to return to sports after ACL reconstruction and to validate its psychometric properties. Methods: The ACL-RSI scale was forward translated into Korean and back-translated into English for cultural adaptation according to the standardized guideline. For validation, the Korean version of the ACL-RSI (ACL-RSI Kr) was administered to patients who underwent ACL reconstruction. The following subjective questionnaires were also administered: International Knee Documentation Committee Subjective Knee Evaluation Form (IKDC-SKF), Lysholm scale, Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and a Return to Sports Questionnaire. Test-retest reliability, internal consistency, content validity, construct validity, and discriminant validity of the ACL-RSI Kr were assessed. Results: A total of 129 patients (102 men and 27 women) were included in the study. Their mean age was 28.3 years. The average follow-up duration was 13.2 months. Test-retest reliability was remarkable (intraclass correlation coefficient, 0.949), internal consistency was high (Cronbach’s alpha, 0.932), and floor and ceiling effects were confirmed to be less than 10%. Construct validity assessed by correlation analysis with KOOS, IKDC-SKF, and Lysholm scale showed the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.169 to 0.679 (all p < 0.01). Compared with the Return to Sports Questionnaire, statistically significant difference was found in the ACL-RSI Kr between patients who received more than 7 points and less than 7 points (72.2 vs. 60.3, p = 0.025) for performance level scored using a 10-point Likert scale, proving its discriminative value. Conclusions: The ACL-RSI Kr demonstrated good psychometric properties. This scale can be an excellent instrument for evaluating patient’s psychological readiness to return to sports after ACL injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-169
Number of pages6
JournalCiOS Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Athletic Injuries
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Knee
Knee Injuries
Knee Osteoarthritis
Psychometrics
Reproducibility of Results
Documentation
Return to Sport
Psychology
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Patient reported outcome
  • Return to sports
  • Translation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Korean version of the anterior cruciate ligament-return to sport after injury scale : Translation and cross-cultural adaptation. / Ha, Jeong Ku; Kim, Jin Goo; Yoon, Kyoung Ho; Wang, Joon Ho; Seon, Jong Keun; Bae, Ji Hoon; Jang, Ki-Mo.

In: CiOS Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery, Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.06.2019, p. 164-169.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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