Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419 and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 Isolated from Kimchi Ameliorate Hypercholesterolemia in Rats

Min Young Park, Jonggun Kim, Sae Hun Kim, Kwang Youn Whang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Western-style diets increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases. It is suggested that the risk could be prevented by lowering cholesterol concentrations in blood. In the present study, hypocholesterolemic effects of the probiotics isolated from kimchi (Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419, Leuconostoc paramesenteroides KJP421, and Leuconostoc mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411) were investigated in hypercholesterolemia-induced rats. There was no difference in growth performance between the rats fed high cholesterol diet (HCD) and normal diet (ND). However, blood total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hepatic cholesterol were elevated by the HCD compared to ND, and those concentrations were decreased by dietary supplementation of KFP419 and KDK411. It was concomitant with an increase in fecal excretion of neutral sterols (cholesterol, coprostanol, and coprostanone) in the rats fed HCD compared to ND and was even greater with KDK411 supplementation. These findings indicate that probiotics L. curvatus KFP419 and L. mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 isolated from kimchi ameliorate hypercholesterolemia in rats by assimilating and excreting cholesterol in feces.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-653
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medicinal Food
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul 1

Fingerprint

Lactobacillus
Hypercholesterolemia
Cholesterol
Diet
Probiotics
Cholestanol
Leuconostoc
Sterols
Dietary Supplements
Leuconostoc mesenteroides
Feces
LDL Cholesterol
Cardiovascular Diseases
Liver
Growth

Keywords

  • cholesterol assimilation
  • hypercholesterolemia
  • kimchi
  • probiotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

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title = "Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419 and Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 Isolated from Kimchi Ameliorate Hypercholesterolemia in Rats",
abstract = "Western-style diets increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases. It is suggested that the risk could be prevented by lowering cholesterol concentrations in blood. In the present study, hypocholesterolemic effects of the probiotics isolated from kimchi (Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419, Leuconostoc paramesenteroides KJP421, and Leuconostoc mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411) were investigated in hypercholesterolemia-induced rats. There was no difference in growth performance between the rats fed high cholesterol diet (HCD) and normal diet (ND). However, blood total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hepatic cholesterol were elevated by the HCD compared to ND, and those concentrations were decreased by dietary supplementation of KFP419 and KDK411. It was concomitant with an increase in fecal excretion of neutral sterols (cholesterol, coprostanol, and coprostanone) in the rats fed HCD compared to ND and was even greater with KDK411 supplementation. These findings indicate that probiotics L. curvatus KFP419 and L. mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 isolated from kimchi ameliorate hypercholesterolemia in rats by assimilating and excreting cholesterol in feces.",
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author = "Park, {Min Young} and Jonggun Kim and Kim, {Sae Hun} and Whang, {Kwang Youn}",
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AU - Whang, Kwang Youn

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N2 - Western-style diets increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases. It is suggested that the risk could be prevented by lowering cholesterol concentrations in blood. In the present study, hypocholesterolemic effects of the probiotics isolated from kimchi (Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419, Leuconostoc paramesenteroides KJP421, and Leuconostoc mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411) were investigated in hypercholesterolemia-induced rats. There was no difference in growth performance between the rats fed high cholesterol diet (HCD) and normal diet (ND). However, blood total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hepatic cholesterol were elevated by the HCD compared to ND, and those concentrations were decreased by dietary supplementation of KFP419 and KDK411. It was concomitant with an increase in fecal excretion of neutral sterols (cholesterol, coprostanol, and coprostanone) in the rats fed HCD compared to ND and was even greater with KDK411 supplementation. These findings indicate that probiotics L. curvatus KFP419 and L. mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 isolated from kimchi ameliorate hypercholesterolemia in rats by assimilating and excreting cholesterol in feces.

AB - Western-style diets increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases. It is suggested that the risk could be prevented by lowering cholesterol concentrations in blood. In the present study, hypocholesterolemic effects of the probiotics isolated from kimchi (Lactobacillus curvatus KFP419, Leuconostoc paramesenteroides KJP421, and Leuconostoc mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411) were investigated in hypercholesterolemia-induced rats. There was no difference in growth performance between the rats fed high cholesterol diet (HCD) and normal diet (ND). However, blood total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and hepatic cholesterol were elevated by the HCD compared to ND, and those concentrations were decreased by dietary supplementation of KFP419 and KDK411. It was concomitant with an increase in fecal excretion of neutral sterols (cholesterol, coprostanol, and coprostanone) in the rats fed HCD compared to ND and was even greater with KDK411 supplementation. These findings indicate that probiotics L. curvatus KFP419 and L. mesenteroide subsp. mesenteroides KDK411 isolated from kimchi ameliorate hypercholesterolemia in rats by assimilating and excreting cholesterol in feces.

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