Laminarin-derived from brown algae suppresses the growth of ovarian cancer cells via mitochondrial dysfunction and er stress

Hyocheol Bae, Gwonhwa Song, Jin Young Lee, Taeyeon Hong, Moon Jeong Chang, Whasun Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Ovarian cancer (OC) is difficult to diagnose at an early stage and leads to the high mortality rate reported in the United States. Standard treatment for OC includes maximal cytoreductive surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. However, relapse due to chemoresistance is common in advanced OC patients. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new anticancer drugs to suppress OC progression. Recently, the anticancer effects of laminarin, a beta-1,3-glucan derived from brown algae, have been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma, colon cancer, leukemia, and melanoma. However, its effects in OC are not reported. We confirmed that laminarin decreases cell growth and cell cycle progression of OC cells through the regulation of intracellular signaling. Moreover, laminarin induced cell death through DNA fragmentation, reactive oxygen species generation, induction of apoptotic signals and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, regulation of calcium levels, and alteration of the ER-mitochondria axis. Laminarin was not cytotoxic in a zebrafish model, while in a zebrafish xenograft model, it inhibited OC cell growth. These results suggest that laminarin may be successfully used as a novel OC suppressor.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbermd18030152
JournalMarine drugs
Volume18
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Cell death
  • ER stress
  • Laminarin
  • Mitochondria
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery

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