Laparoscopic total gastrectomy as a valid procedure to treat gastric cancer option both in early and advanced stage: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Youjin Oh, Min Seo Kim, Yoon Teak Lee, Chang Min Lee, Jong Han Kim, Sungsoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Although laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) has been widely used for advanced gastric cancer patients, its oncologic validity is yet to be proven. We performed systemic review and meta-analysis to compare LTG versus OTG for early and advanced stages of gastric cancer. Short- and long-term outcomes of both procedures were analyzed using original studies collected by searching Google Scholar, Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. To analyze procedures more precisely, we categorized studies into advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and early gastric cancer (EGC) groups and matched lymph node (LN) dissection, and metastasis ratio. Nineteen studies with a total of 3943 patients were included. LTG required more operative time and had less dissected LNs, indicating a favorable quality of OTG. However, LTG was superior with less blood loss, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and lower postoperative complication rates. The 5-year survival rate was similar in both groups in which extent of LN dissection and lymph node metastasis ratio were controlled. Although more LNs were removed in OTG, the discrepancy had an insignificant impact on the survival rate. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to employ quantitative synthesis in evaluation of long-term oncologic validity of LTG and OTG in AGC, with LN dissection and N stage controlled setting. Non-inferiority of LTG on oncologic outcome and superiority of LTG on perioperative outcome lead to a conclusion that LTG has potential as a valid treatment modality in AGC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

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Gastrectomy
Stomach Neoplasms
Meta-Analysis
Lymph Node Excision
Survival Rate
Neoplasm Metastasis
Operative Time
PubMed
Libraries
Length of Stay
Research Design
Lymph Nodes
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Advanced gastric cancer
  • Early gastric cancer
  • Laparoscopic total gastrectomy
  • Meta-analysis
  • Open total gastrectomy
  • Total gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Laparoscopic total gastrectomy as a valid procedure to treat gastric cancer option both in early and advanced stage: A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Although laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) has been widely used for advanced gastric cancer patients, its oncologic validity is yet to be proven. We performed systemic review and meta-analysis to compare LTG versus OTG for early and advanced stages of gastric cancer. Short- and long-term outcomes of both procedures were analyzed using original studies collected by searching Google Scholar, Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. To analyze procedures more precisely, we categorized studies into advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and early gastric cancer (EGC) groups and matched lymph node (LN) dissection, and metastasis ratio. Nineteen studies with a total of 3943 patients were included. LTG required more operative time and had less dissected LNs, indicating a favorable quality of OTG. However, LTG was superior with less blood loss, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and lower postoperative complication rates. The 5-year survival rate was similar in both groups in which extent of LN dissection and lymph node metastasis ratio were controlled. Although more LNs were removed in OTG, the discrepancy had an insignificant impact on the survival rate. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to employ quantitative synthesis in evaluation of long-term oncologic validity of LTG and OTG in AGC, with LN dissection and N stage controlled setting. Non-inferiority of LTG on oncologic outcome and superiority of LTG on perioperative outcome lead to a conclusion that LTG has potential as a valid treatment modality in AGC.",
keywords = "Advanced gastric cancer, Early gastric cancer, Laparoscopic total gastrectomy, Meta-analysis, Open total gastrectomy, Total gastrectomy",
author = "Youjin Oh and Kim, {Min Seo} and Lee, {Yoon Teak} and Lee, {Chang Min} and Kim, {Jong Han} and Sungsoo Park",
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doi = "10.1016/j.ejso.2019.08.018",
language = "English",
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T1 - Laparoscopic total gastrectomy as a valid procedure to treat gastric cancer option both in early and advanced stage

T2 - A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Oh, Youjin

AU - Kim, Min Seo

AU - Lee, Yoon Teak

AU - Lee, Chang Min

AU - Kim, Jong Han

AU - Park, Sungsoo

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Although laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) has been widely used for advanced gastric cancer patients, its oncologic validity is yet to be proven. We performed systemic review and meta-analysis to compare LTG versus OTG for early and advanced stages of gastric cancer. Short- and long-term outcomes of both procedures were analyzed using original studies collected by searching Google Scholar, Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. To analyze procedures more precisely, we categorized studies into advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and early gastric cancer (EGC) groups and matched lymph node (LN) dissection, and metastasis ratio. Nineteen studies with a total of 3943 patients were included. LTG required more operative time and had less dissected LNs, indicating a favorable quality of OTG. However, LTG was superior with less blood loss, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and lower postoperative complication rates. The 5-year survival rate was similar in both groups in which extent of LN dissection and lymph node metastasis ratio were controlled. Although more LNs were removed in OTG, the discrepancy had an insignificant impact on the survival rate. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to employ quantitative synthesis in evaluation of long-term oncologic validity of LTG and OTG in AGC, with LN dissection and N stage controlled setting. Non-inferiority of LTG on oncologic outcome and superiority of LTG on perioperative outcome lead to a conclusion that LTG has potential as a valid treatment modality in AGC.

AB - Although laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) compared to open total gastrectomy (OTG) has been widely used for advanced gastric cancer patients, its oncologic validity is yet to be proven. We performed systemic review and meta-analysis to compare LTG versus OTG for early and advanced stages of gastric cancer. Short- and long-term outcomes of both procedures were analyzed using original studies collected by searching Google Scholar, Medline, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. To analyze procedures more precisely, we categorized studies into advanced gastric cancer (AGC) and early gastric cancer (EGC) groups and matched lymph node (LN) dissection, and metastasis ratio. Nineteen studies with a total of 3943 patients were included. LTG required more operative time and had less dissected LNs, indicating a favorable quality of OTG. However, LTG was superior with less blood loss, a shorter postoperative hospital stay, and lower postoperative complication rates. The 5-year survival rate was similar in both groups in which extent of LN dissection and lymph node metastasis ratio were controlled. Although more LNs were removed in OTG, the discrepancy had an insignificant impact on the survival rate. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to employ quantitative synthesis in evaluation of long-term oncologic validity of LTG and OTG in AGC, with LN dissection and N stage controlled setting. Non-inferiority of LTG on oncologic outcome and superiority of LTG on perioperative outcome lead to a conclusion that LTG has potential as a valid treatment modality in AGC.

KW - Advanced gastric cancer

KW - Early gastric cancer

KW - Laparoscopic total gastrectomy

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Open total gastrectomy

KW - Total gastrectomy

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