Large-scale production of spherical FeSe2-amorphous carbon composite powders as anode materials for sodium-ion batteries

Gi Dae Park, Jung Hyun Kim, Yun Chan Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple two-step method involving a large-scale spray drying process is developed to synthesize metal selenide-amorphous carbon (AC) composite powders (on a kilogram scale) for use as anodes in sodium-ion batteries. The composite powders of iron salt, dextrin, and H2SeO3 are generated in a spray drying process to form the FeSe2-AC composite powders by a one-pot post-treatment process under a reducing atmosphere. The ultrafine FeSe2 single crystals with sizes below 20 nm are uniformly dispersed within the amorphous carbon in the FeSe2-AC composite powders prepared from the spray solution with 30 g L− 1 dextrin. The discharge capacities of the powders prepared from spray solutions with 0, 10, 20, and 30 g L− 1 dextrin for the 150th cycle at a current density of 0.5 A g− 1 are 85, 194, 203, 379 mA h g− 1, respectively; their corresponding capacity retentions measured from the second cycle are 19%, 40%, 46%, and 99%. The spherical shape of the FeSe2-AC composite powders is maintained even after 100 cycles. The FeSe2-AC composite powders maintain a high structural stability during repeated sodium insertion and desertion processes, and show superior cycling and rate performances compared to those of the bare FeSe2 powders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-356
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Characterization
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Carbon composite
  • Metal selenide
  • Nanostructure
  • Sodium ion batteries
  • Spray drying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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