Left ventricular (LV) remodeling in systemic arterial hypertension causes electrical conduction delay and impairs synchronous contraction, which may contribute to the development of heart failure. This study aimed to assess the change of LV mechanics in hypertension by layer-specific dyssynchrony. One hundred and twenty-one patients with primary hypertension and LV ejection fraction >50 % (mean age, 62 ± 10 years) and 31 normotensive controls (mean age, 63 ± 9 years) were prospectively included. Layer-specific dyssynchrony index (DI) was defined as standard deviation of time interval (TI) from the onset of Q wave to peak longitudinal strain obtained from 18 segments in each endocardial, myocardial, and epicardial layer. The global TI between the onset of Q wave to peak global longitudinal strain in each layer was obtained and the time difference (TD) of global TI between layers was calculated. DIs were significantly different in three layers (P < 0.001 in both groups), and were significantly greater in hypertensive patients than in controls except epicardial DI. End diastolic filling pressure and LV global longitudinal strain were related with endocardial DI. TD between endocardium and myocardium was greater in hypertensive patients than in controls (P = 0.001). Layer-specific DI revealed delayed contraction in each layer and between layers in hypertensive patients, which were apparent in endocardium and between endocardium and myocardium. Increased layer-specific DIs were associated with subclinical LV dysfunction, although LV ejection fraction was preserved. These may be helpful to understand layer-specific mechanical property of LV myocardium and for early detection of subclinical impairment of myocardial function.
- Left ventricle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine