Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the value of leptomeningeal enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging in relation to relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebrovascular reserve. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 31 patients with internal carotid artery or proximal middle cerebral artery occlusion without primary collateral flow, who underwent enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging and acetazolamide-challenged perfusion computed tomography. They were graded into 3 groups in leptomeningeal enhancement on T1-weighted imaging. The rCBF and the percentage change of cerebral blood flow were obtained in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery territory. Results The mean percentage changes of CBF were -13.7%, 6.9%, and 23.8% in prominent (n = 11), mild (n = 11), and equivalent (n = 9) increased enhancements, respectively. The degree of leptomeningeal enhancement was significantly reverse-correlated with percentage change of CBF (P < 0.001), whereas the rCBFs were not significantly different. Conclusions The reverse correlation between leptomeningeal enhancement and cerebrovascular reserve suggests that increased enhancement may indicate impaired primary collaterals and hemodynamic insufficiency. Therefore, leptomeningeal enhancement degree can be used as an indicator of hemodynamic state in stroke.
- collateral circulation
- magnetic resonance imaging
- perfusion imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging