Lessons learned from 12,000 robotic radical prostatectomies: Is the journey as important as the outcome?

Sung Gu Kang, Ji Sung Shim, Fikret Onol, K. R. Seetharam Bhat, Vipul R. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Robotic radical prostatectomy (RARP) is a standardized treatment for localized prostate cancer, which provides better functional outcomes and similar oncological outcomes compared to open approaches. Here, we share our experience of 12,000 RARPs by describing the outcomes of the procedure in terms of positive surgical margin (PSM), continence, and potency as well as by presenting our detailed surgical technique with recent modifications. On cancer control, the PSM rates were 5.8% and 26.1% in T2 and T3, respectively. On the premise of not compromising oncologic outcomes, a tailored approach to individual patients is essential. Even if an extracapsular extension is suspected, neurovascular bundle (NVB) tailoring can be applied using an anatomical landmark to preserve maximal nerve tissue with a negative margin. We developed a nomogram as a useful tool for deciding the degree of tailoring. For improvements of functional outcomes, we used athermal retrograde early release with a toggling technique, wherein the nerve dissection from the bottom helps with blood loss and allows for smooth NVB releasing. Additionally, we recently performed a new minimal apical dissection/lateral prostatic fascia preservation technique. As a result, our 1-week continence rate was 37% and the 6-week rate was 77.6%. In addition, the potency rates in our study were 69%, 82%, and 92% at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year, respectively (preoperative Sexual Health Inventory for Men scores >21 & bilateral full nerve spared).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative and clinical urology
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan

Keywords

  • Prostate
  • Prostatectomy
  • Prostatic neoplasms
  • Robotics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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