We investigated the aftereffects of confirmatory QuantiFERON testing (QFT) added to a positive tuberculin skin test (TST). We reviewed the pre and post course of sequential tuberculosis (TB) outbreaks in a high school where massive 43 active TB cases had been found within one year before delayed contact investigation. And we investigated the TB development in relation to initial TST and QFT during mean follow-up of 3.9 ± 0.9 years. After delayed contact investigation for two subsequent TB outbreaks, 925 contacts were divided into the following 3 groups: TST- (n = 632), TST+/QFT+ (n = 24), TST+/QFT- (n = 258). QFT- was more prevalent than QFT+ in contacts with 10mm ≤ TST <15mm (158, 61.2%) compared with TST ≥15mm (100, 38.8%) among the TST+ reactors (P < 0.001). Among the 258 TST+/QFT- subjects, 256 received no latent TB infection (LTBI) treatment, but 7 contacts developed TB during follow-up. Among these 7 patients, 4 had initial TST 15mm and 3 had 10mm TST <15mm. In conclusion, the delayed contact investigation for LTBI in a high school resulted in continued TB developments. False-negative QFT performed late among the TST+ reactors should not be considered criteria for LTBI treatment. Additionally, the contacts only with TST ≥15mm should be considered for LTBI treatment in congregate settings of intermediate-burden countries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas