Recently cloned leukotactin-1 (Lkn-1) that belongs to CC chemokine family has not been characterized. To understand the intracellular events following Lkn-1 binding to CCR1, we investigated the activities of signaling molecules in response to Lkn-1 in human osteogenic sarcoma cells expressing CCR1. Lkn-1-stimulated cells showed elevated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinases (ERK1/2) with a distinct time course. ERK activation was peaked in 30 min and 12 h showing biphasic activation of ERK. Pertussis toxin, an inhibitor of Gi/Go protein, and phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor blocked Lkn-1-induced activation of ERK. Protein kinase Cδ (PKCδ) specific inhibitor rottlerin inhibited ERK activation in Lkn-1-stimulated cells. The activities of PLC and PKCδ were also enhanced by Lkn-1 stimulation. Dominant negative Ras inhibited activation of ERK. Immediate early response genes such as c-fos and c-myc were induced by Lkn-1 stimulation. Lkn-1 affected the cell cycle progression by cyclin D3 induction. These results suggest that Lkn-1 activates the ERK pathway by transducing the signal through Gi/Go protein, PLC, PKCδ and Ras, and it may play a role for cell proliferation, differentiation, and regulation of gene expression for other cellular processes.
- Signal transduction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)