Linalyl acetate restores endothelial dysfunction and hemodynamic alterations in diabetic rats exposed to chronic immobilization stress

You Kyoung Shin, Yu Shan Hsieh, Soonho Kwon, Hui Su Lee, Geun Hee Seol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although stress is one of the risk factors of diabetes, few studies have assessed the effects of stress on diabetic rats. This study, therefore, analyzed differences in cardiovascular- related factors among control, nonstressed diabetic, and stressed diabetic rats as well as assessed the effects of linalyl acetate (LA) on stressed diabetic rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to immobilization stress throughout the experimental period, and diabetes was induced on day 15 by a single injection of streptozotocin. After confirming the induction of diabetes, stressed diabetic rats were administered LA (10 or 100 mg/kg) or metformin (500 mg/kg) for the last 7 days. Compared with nonstressed diabetic rats, stressed diabetic rats had significantly lower body weight, body fat percentage, AChinduced vasorelaxation, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), and NF-κB expression as well as increased serum nitrite concentration. Although metformin increased serum insulin concentration significantly, 100 mg/kg LA showed only an increasing tendency. However, treatment with 100 mg/kg LA not only reduced serum glucose and NF-κB expression, but also restored ACh-induced vasorelaxation, SBP, DBP, HR, AMP-activated protein kinase expression, and serum nitrite almost to control levels. Importantly, 100 mg/kg LA was more effective than metformin in ameliorating serum glucose, endothelial nitric oxide synthase expression, HR, and serum nitrite. These findings suggest that chronic stress can aggravate endothelial dysfunction and hemodynamic alterations in diabetes and that LA may have potent therapeutic efficacy in diabetic patients with cardiovascular disease complications or chronic stress. NEW & NOTEWORTHY To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the effects of linalyl acetate (LA) on cardiovascular-related factors in diabetic rats exposed to chronic stress. Treatment with LA restored acetylcholine-induced vasorelaxation, blood pressure, heart rate, and AMP-activated protein kinase and serum nitrite levels. The present results suggest that LA may have potent therapeutic efficacy in diabetic patients with complications of cardiovascular disease or chronic stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1274-1283
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume124
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 May 1

Keywords

  • AMP-activated protein kinase
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Endothelial dysfunction
  • Linalyl acetate
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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