In this paper, we summarize our experimental observations on complex-oscillatory spiral waves that arise in a Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction-diffusion system. The observed wave structures generically bear line defects across which the phase of local oscillation changes by a multiple of 2π. The local oscillation at every spatial point along a line defect of period-2 (P-2) oscillatory media is period-1 (P-1) oscillatory. For the homogeneous BZ reaction can be excitable, simply periodic, complex periodic, or chaotic as the control parameters are tuned, a number of different complex wave states are revealed. A two-dimensional phase diagram, which includes domains of P-2 oscillatory spirals, intermittently breathing spirals, period-3 (P-3) oscillatory spirals, two different types of mixed-mode periodic spirals, and line-defect-mediated turbulence, is constructed. Several different transitions among different dynamic states are described systematically. In all cases, line defects are found to play an important role.
|Journal||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics