Plasma membranes of eukaryotic cells are not uniform, possessing distinct cholesterol- and sphingolipid-rich lipid raft microdomains which constitute critical sites for signal transduction through various immune cell receptors and their co-receptors. CD1d is a conserved family of major histocompatibility class I-like molecules, which has been established as an important factor in lipid antigen presentation to natural killer T (NKT) cells. Unlike conventional T cells, recognition of CD1d by the T cell receptor (TCR) of NKT cells does not require CD4 or CD8 co-receptors, which are critical for efficient TCR signaling. We found that murine CD1d (mCD1d) was constitutively present in the plasma membrane lipid rafts on antigen presenting cells, and that this restricted localization was critically important for efficient signal transduction to the target NKT cells, at low ligand densities, even without the involvement of co-receptors. Further our results indicate that there may be additional regulatory molecule(s), co-located in the lipid raft with mCD1d for NKT cell signaling.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Feb 25|
- Lipid rafts
- NKT cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology