Nanostructured metal selenides with a variety of morphologies are crucial for fabricating porous, hollow metal-oxide nanomaterials by nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion. Herein, SnSe-SnO 2 composite powders and SnSe nanospheres were synthesized via one-pot spray pyrolysis by optimizing the concentration of the Se precursor in the spray solution; these were then used to fabricate sunflower-like SnO 2 and hollow SnO 2 nanospheres, respectively, via nanoscale Kirkendall diffusion. Post-treatment of the SnSe-decorated SnO 2 under air produced sunflower-like SnO 2 , in which ray and disk florets consisting of hollow nanoplates and dense nanospheres, respectively, were present. The mean diameter of the homogeneous hollow SnO 2 nanospheres was 150 nm. The hollow morphology shortens the diffusion length, increasing the contact area between the electrolyte and voids and buffering large volume changes during repeated cycling. As anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the hollow SnO 2 nanospheres showed excellent cycling and rate performances. The discharge capacity of the hollow SnO 2 nanospheres, after 500 cycles from 0.001 V to 3.0 V, was 1043 mA h g -1 , at a current density of 3.0 A g -1 . The hollow SnO 2 nanospheres showed a high reversible capacity of 638 mA h g -1 , even at current density as high as 10 A g -1 .
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)