BACKGROUND: Major randomized clinical trials assessing clinical outcomes in patients who underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for left main coronary artery disease excluded some high-risk subsets. Whether the effectiveness and safety of a percutaneous approach in this group of patients are comparable with those observed in clinical trials is unclear. We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of contemporary drug-eluting stent (DES)-based revascularization for left main coronary artery disease in patients presenting with one or more clinical or angiographic characteristics who would have precluded inclusion in randomized trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2003 and December 2011, 340 consecutive patients with unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis of at least 50% who underwent successful PCI with DES at Sejong General Hospital (Bucheon, Republic of Korea) were included in this retrospective study. Patients were classified into the exclusion group (group E; n=120) and the inclusion group (group I; n=220) according to the prespecified inclusion and exclusion criteria utilized in clinical trials. RESULTS: During the median follow-up of 86 (52-114) months, major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events occurred in 69 (31.4%) patients in group I and 46 (38.3%) patients in group E (P=0.155). In the propensity score-matched population, group E was not associated with a higher incidence of major adverse cardiac or cerebrovascular events (hazard ratio: 1.42, 95% confidence interval: 0.76-2.65, P=0.758). Definite or probable stent thrombosis occurred in five patients of group I, with no cases in group E. CONCLUSION: In our real-world registry, about a third of patients who underwent PCI for unprotected left main coronary artery stenosis had one or more high-risk characteristics or comorbid conditions that represent exclusion criteria of previous randomized trials. PCI using DES is feasible in these patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine