Long-Term Outcome of Single-chamber atrial pacing compared with Dual-chamber pacing in patients with Sinus-node dysfunction and intact atrioventricular node conduction

Won Ho Kim, Boyoung Joung, Jaemin Shim, Jong Sung Park, Eui Seock Hwang, Hui Nam Pak, Sungsoon Kim, Moonhyoung Lee

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5 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The optimal pacing mode with either single chamber atrial pacemaker (AAI or AAIR) or dual chamber pacemaker (DDD or DDDR) is still not clear in sinus-node dysfunction (SND) and intact atrioventricular (AV) conduction. Materials and Methods: Patients who were implanted with permanent pacemaker using AAI(R) (n = 73) or DDD(R) (n = 113) were compared. Results: The baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups, with a mean follow-up duration of 69 months. The incidence of death did not show statistical difference. However, the incidence of hospitalization for congestive heart failure (CHF) was significantly lower in the AAI(R) group (0%) than the DDD(R) group (8.8%, p = 0.03). Also, atrial fibrillation (AF) was found in 2.8% in the AAI(R) group, which was statistically different from 15.2% of patients in the DDD(R) group (p = 0.01). Four patients (5.5%) with AAI(R) developed AV block, and subsequently switched to DDD(R) pacing. The risk of AF was lower in the patients implanted with AAI(R) than those with DDD(R) [hazard ratio (HR), 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.72 to 0.97, p = 0.02]. Conclusion: In patients with SND and intact AV conduction, AAI(R) pacing can achieve a better clinical outcome in terms of occurrence of CHF and AF than DDD(R) pacing. These findings support AAI(R) pacing as the preferred pacing mode in patients with SND and intact AV conduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)832-837
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Nov 1
Externally publishedYes



  • Intact AV conduction
  • Sinus node dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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