This study shows the human cellular responses and the mechanism of low-dose ionizing radiation in CCD 18 Lu cells, which are derived from normal human lung fibroblasts. Cell proliferation and viability assay were measured for the cells following γ-irradiation using trypan blue, BrdU incorporation, and Wst-1 assay. We also examined genotoxicity using a micronuclei formation assay. The activation of the MAPKs pathway was determined by Western blot analysis, and the siRNA system was used to inhibit the expression of ERK1/2 and p38. We found that 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation stimulated cell proliferation and did not change Micronuclei frequencies. In addition, 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation activated ERK1/2 and p38, but did not activate JNK1/2 in cells. A specific ERK1/2 inhibitor, U0126, decreased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 proteins induced by 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation, and a similar suppressive effect was observed with a p38 inhibitor, PD169316. Suppression of ERK1/2 and p38 phosphorylation with these inhibitors decreased cell proliferation, which was stimulated by 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, downregulation of ERK1/2 and p38 expression using siRNA blocked the cell proliferation that had been increased by 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation. These results suggest that 0.05 Gy of ionizing radiation enhances cell proliferation through the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 in normal human lung fibroblasts.
- Cell proliferation
- Low-dose of ionizing radiation
- Normal human diploid cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis