Low plasma proportion of omega 3-polyunsaturated fatty acids predicts poor outcome in acute non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke patients

Tae Jin Song, Hyun Ji Cho, Yoonkyung Chang, Kyungsun Choi, A. Reum Jung, Minjung Youn, Min Jeong Shin, Yong Jae Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

 Background and Purpose Alterations in blood fatty acid (FA) composition are associated with cardiovascular diseases. We investigated whether plasma FA composition was related to stroke severity and functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke patients. Methods We prospectively enrolled 156 patients with first-episode cerebral infarction, within 7 days of symptom onset. The proportion of FAs was analyzed using gas chromatog­raphy, and the summation of the omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA), 18:3 ω3 α-linolenic acid, 20:3 ω3 eicosatrienoic acid, 20:5 ω3 eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and 22:6 ω3 docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) was reported as Σω3-PUFAs. Stroke severity was as­sessed using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission. Poor functional outcome was defined by modified Rankin scale (mRS) ≥3 at three months after the index stroke. Results Lower proportions of EPA (β=-0.751), DHA (β=-0.610), and Σω3-PUFAs (β=-0.462) were independently associated with higher NIHSS score, after adjusting for stroke subtype, hemoglobin, high density lipoprotein, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, fasting glucose, 16:0 palmitic acid, and Σsaturated fatty acids. Moreover, a lower proportion of DHA (odds ratio [OR]: 0.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.04-0.88), and Σω3-PUFAs (OR: 0.22, 95% CI: 0.05-0.84) showed an independent relationship with poor functional outcome after ad­justing for age, sex, smoking status, NIHSS score, stroke subtype, and 16:0 palmitic acid. Conclusions Our results demonstrate that ω3-PUFAs correlated with stroke severity on ad­mission and functional outcomes at 3 months. ω3-PUFAs are potential blood biomarkers for prognosis of acute non-cardiogenic ischemic stroke patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-176
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Stroke
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

Keywords

  • Docosahexaenoic acid
  • Eicosapentaenoic acid
  • Fatty acids composition
  • Stroke outcome
  • ω3-polyunsaturated fatty acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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